Phonics, SPaG and Guided Reading

Phonics, SPaG and Guided Reading
We place a high priority on children acquiring a secure knowledge and understanding of the phonics system and being able to use and apply this in their reading and writing, and indeed all other aspects of their daily life.
From Reception to Year 2, we use the scheme Letters and Sounds to teach Daily Synthetic Phonics and this is aided by the use of the Phonics Play scheme and some of the rhyming songs from Jolly Phonics. We use lots of other resources throughout the discrete teaching sessions and in daily provision to support children's acquisition of phonics.
We are currently reviewing our provision for reading books in school. We aim to implement a scheme which is directly linked to letters and sounds this year.
Image result for phonics play logo
Spelling, Punctuation and Grammar (SPaG)

Why is Spelling, Punctuation and Grammar so important?

  • Punctuation can change the meaning of a sentence greatly!
  • We need to use Standard English to communicate effectively. Using incorrect punctuation, grammar and spelling can change the meaning of sentences whether spoken or written.
  • Children need to use accurate SPAG to progress in life and build careers.


What does the National Curriculum say about SPAG?



Reading is divided into two parts, word reading and comprehension.

SPAG is featured in the comprehension part as it is related to understanding of texts and reading

as a whole.



Writing is divided into two parts, transcription (spelling and handwriting) and composition, (articulating ideas and structuring them in speech and writing).

“Pupils should be taught to use the elements of spelling, grammar, punctuation and ‘language about language’ listed.”

“Throughout the programmes of study, teachers should teach pupils the vocabulary they need to discuss their reading, writing and spoken language. It is important that pupils learn the correct grammatical terms in English and that these terms are integrated within teaching.”


Help for parents with a child's Spelling Journey

Guided Reading
Every class in KS1 and KS2 has a daily Guided Reading session. Each session is meticulously planned and resourced in order to ensure each child's reading needs and goals are met.
Over the course of the week, each child will have read with an adult at least twice, focused on a word level (Phonics and SPaG) task, and used Bloom's Taxonomy to aid them in a differentiated comprehension and an open-ended activity which covers a range of elements from the Content Domains.
In addition to this, children are encouraged to develop an avid interest in all types of books by borrowing books from the class and school libraries. Regular class visits to the local library also promote a passion for reading.
Below are two great videos to introduce Bloom's Taxonomy - take a look.
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The main site logo for the BookTrust website
There are some wonderful book lists for children of all ages, just click on the links below.